since 1990-1998 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ 1.1. Identification numbers
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Heating, ventilation
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Exhaust system
+ 7. Systems of start, ignition
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling, shaft
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Suspension bracket
+ 12. Steering
- 13. Body
13.2. Care of a body
13.3 Care of an upholstery and rugs
13.4. Repair of insignificant damages of a body
13.5. Repair of strong damages of a body
13.7. Replacement of the lock of a cowl
13.8. Replacement of a cable of the lock of a cowl
13.9. Front grille
13:10. Front bumper
13:11. Rear bumper
13:12. Forward wing
13:13. Door upholstery
13:14. Lock, cylinder of the lock and handle of opening of a door
13:15. Door glass
13:16. Window regulator
13:17. External mirror
13:19. Trunk lid
13:20. Luggage carrier lock
13:21. Cable of opening of the lock of a luggage carrier
13:22. Replacement of racks of support of a back door
13:23. Back door
13:24. Lock of a back door, external handle and cylinder of the lock
13:25. Casings of a steering column
13:26. Central console
13:27. Dashboard elements
13:29. Air inlet lattice
13:30. Front seats
+ 14. Electric equipment
Check of a condition of a body has to be made regularly. Otherwise corrosion of certain sites of a body can lead to its strong damage and further expensive repair. It is also important to pay attention to parts of the car inaccessible to an external look, for example, to the bottom, arches of wheels and the lower part of a motor compartment, and also parts of a body, hidden under an upholstery. A basic element at care of a body is its sink. Before a wash of the car soak insects and remove from a body surface. Plentifully use water. Use a soft sponge or a soft brush. The varnish covering cannot be washed with a stream with a strong pressure. Pour over the car from a hose and wash away dirt from top to down. Often rinse a sponge. Wipe the car with pure rags. Apply only the good degreasing washing substances. For the purpose of protection for a sink add the washing preservatives to water. It is forbidden to wash and dry the car in the sun, otherwise on a varnish surface there will be spots. Salt with which roads strew makes harmful effects on a car body.
After a wash of the car because of humidity efficiency of action of brakes decreases. It is recommended to dry brake disks short-term pressing a brake pedal in a start of motion.
Purely washed up and dried up varnish covering needs to be processed every 3 month the preserving means to protect the surface of the car from atmospheric influences by creation of a pore-free water-repellent wax layer.
At once to remove the flowed-out fuel, oil or lubricant, and also brake fluid, otherwise color of a varnish covering will change.
Processing of a surface needs to be repeated if water does not gather in drops, and spreads on a surface. Regular processing by the preserving means promotes long preservation of gloss of a varnish covering.
There is also other possibility of protection of varnish coverings – by means of the washing preservatives. However the washing preservatives provide reliable protection of varnish coverings only in case are used at each wash of the car and at least, than in 2–3 weeks.
After use of the washing (foam-forming) means additional processing of a surface by preservatives especially is recommended.
Preservation cannot be made in the open sun.
Polishing of a varnish surface is necessary only in case it faded owing to insufficient leaving, influence of dust, harmful gases, weather conditions, and the preserving means cannot restore its gloss.
It is not necessary to apply rough polishing pastes and chemically active polishing means, despite previously good results.
Before polishing the car needs to be washed up and to dry up carefully. To further adhere to the instruction for use of the polishing means.
To make polishing small sites in order to avoid premature drying of polish. After processing of a surface some polishing means it is necessary to make additional preservation. It is forbidden to polish in the open sun. Opaque varnish surfaces cannot be processed the preserving and polishing means.
Removal of spots of pitch
Pitch quickly diffundirut in varnish coverings, and it is impossible to remove it completely already. Fresh spots of pitch can be removed with the soft rag moistened in flushing gasoline. In case of emergency it is possible to use usual gasoline, kerosene or turpentine.
Removal of insects
Insects contain substances which can damage a varnish film if quickly not to remove them. Insects can be washed away only the weak slightly warm soap or washing solution or by means of special means for removal of insects.
Removal of construction solutions
Splashes of construction materials are washed away by slightly warm solution of neutral detergents. Not to rub strongly, otherwise it is possible to scratch a varnish covering. Then carefully to rinse with clear water.
Care of details from artificial materials
Plastic details, sitting from imitation leather, a headlight, and also it is possible to wash the details painted in opaque black color with water with addition of special detergents. It is not recommended to wet. Plastic details can be processed if necessary special cleaners. Not to use nitrosolvent or gasoline at all.
Sink of glasses
To wipe glasses with a pure soft rag from the internal and outer side. At strong pollution it is possible to use alcohol or liquid ammonia and warm water, and also special means for purification of glasses. At a windshield sink to lift screen wipers up.
When using silikonosoderzhashchy means for cleaning of varnish coverings it is impossible to wipe with them glasses. At dispersion of silikonosoderzhashchy aerosols of glass it is necessary to close a cardboard or other materials.
Care of rubber consolidations
Periodically to strew the condensing or sliding surfaces with talc or to spray silicone аэрозолью. It will keep their elasticity and will exclude a scratch when closing doors. It is possible to eliminate unpleasant sounds, having wiped the adjoining surfaces with liquid soap.
Disks of wheels
Disks of wheels from light metals demand leaving, especially in cold season. For this purpose it is possible to use special means for cleaning of disks. Not to apply active, acidiferous, silnoshchelochny and rough cleaners or water with a temperature over + 60 °C.
Seat belts should be washed with weak alkaline solution, without removing them. Not to subject them to dry cleaning which can cause destruction of fibers. To twist belts with automatic winding in the dried-up state, if necessary to use special an aerosol for the best sliding. It is not recommended to dry belts at a temperature over 80 °C and in the open sun.